On Thursday, June 23, 2016, the American Orthopaedic Association and the National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses will host a full-day symposium focused on how to establish and run a fracture liaison service.
- When: Thursday, June 23, 2016, 9:00 am to 5:30 pm
- Where: The Westin Seattle, Seattle, WA
Learn from national and local experts and network with other clinicians interested in secondary fracture prevention programs. JBJS Editor-in-Chief Marc Swiontkowski, MD will be one of the presenters.
Register before June 1 to receive reduced pricing.
About a year ago, JBJS published its third biannual Role of the Orthopaedic Surgeon study. While intended primarily to inform suppliers about the procurement habits and needs of orthopaedic surgeons, this study contains much that is of interest to clinicians.
For example, results suggest that the flurry of independent orthopaedic practice acquisitions by hospitals and health systems has leveled off. After leaping from 19% to 28% between 2012 and 2013, reported practice ownership by hospitals fell a bit to 25% according to the 2015 study.
By clicking here and filling out a short form, you can download a 22-page executive brief of the 2015 study. Find out whether you and your practice are in step with the following trends:
- Orthopaedic practices hiring non-surgeons to relieve admin and clinical burdens
- Orthopaedic practices continuing to expand and diversify service offerings
- Surgeons retaining strong influence over device and equipment procurement
Coming soon: We’ll be reaching out this summer to orthopaedic surgeons for data for our 2017 Role of the Orthopaedic Surgeon study. That’ll be your best chance to let suppliers know what you want and need from them in order to help your patients.
In the meantime, click here to get a synopsis of what the 2015 study found.
The indications for arthroscopic treatment of musculoskeletal injuries continue to expand as orthopaedists find new and creative ways to apply this flexible technology. The May 2016 “Case Connections” article springboards from a May 25, 2016 JBJS Case Connector report about an isolated avulsion of the teres minor tendon that was repaired arthroscopically. That unique case is linked to three others from the JBJS Case Connector archive:
- Arthroscopic treatment of a knee flexion contracture
- Arthroscopic reduction/fixation of an acetabular rim fracture
- Arthroscopically assisted medial femoral condyle reduction
As impressive as these minimally invasive solutions are, orthopaedists should always keep in mind that arthroscopy, like any other surgical procedure, is not without its potential complications (see related “Case Connections” article).
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), especially in adolescent athletes, has received a lot of attention from orthopaedists in the last 15 years. In the May 18, 2016 edition of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, a longitudinal radiographic study by Morris et al. sheds light on how a measurement called the epiphyseal extension ratio (EER) delivers excellent diagnostic accuracy for predicting cam morphology of the femoral head, one of the main causes of FAI.
The authors carefully analyzed at least five consecutive annual hip radiographs from 96 healthy adolescents. Specifically, they measured changes in the anteroposterior alpha angle and the superior EER (the superior epiphyseal extension divided by the femoral head diameter). They found a mean increase in alpha angle and EER between Oxford bone age (OBA) stages 5 and 7/8. The mean EER increased significantly at each stage, with the greatest increase occurring between OBA stages 6 and 7/8.
In this study, the EER showed excellent diagnostic accuracy for predicting a final alpha angle of ≥78, which prior research has suggested is a threshold that predicts an increased risk for developing end-stage hip osteoarthritis. However, as commentator John H. Wedge, MD emphasizes, Morris et al. “do not recommend radiographic screening for this marker.”
Dr. Wedge adds that this study lends credence to the hypothesis that cam deformity develops from chronic impingement before rather than after proximal femoral physeal closure. But perhaps the most interesting messages are in the discussion section, where Morris et al. state that “epiphyseal extension may be a physiologic, protective response to increased physeal shear forces that decreases the risk of progression to SCFE [slipped capital femoral epiphysis].” The authors describe the cam-morphology downside of epiphyseal extension as “the unfortunate long-term consequence of a short-term adaptive response.”
On Thursday, May 26, 2016, at 6:00 pm EST, the Own the Bone initiative will offer a webinar titled “Assessing Risk factors to Determine Osteoporosis Treatment.”
John Schousboe, MD, PhD, director of the Osteoporosis Center at Park Nicollet Clinic in Minnesota, will discuss how to identify the factors that make patients more susceptible to fragility fractures. Learn about the tools available to help you evaluate patient fracture risk, including the most well known, FRAX, and two additional validated tools.
The American Orthopaedic Association (AOA) developed Own the Bone as a quality improvement program to address the osteoporosis treatment gap and prevent subsequent fragility fractures.
Every month, JBJS publishes a Specialty Update—a review of the most pertinent and impactful studies published in the orthopaedic literature during the previous year in 13 subspecialties. Click here for a collection of all OrthoBuzz Specialty Update summaries.
This month, OrthoBuzz asked Warren Dunn, MD, a co-author of the April 20, 2016 Specialty Update on sports medicine, to select the five most clinically compelling findings from among the more than 30 studies cited in the article.
–What happens to asymptomatic rotator cuff tears over time? According to a long-term prospective study of patients who had an asymptomatic tear in one shoulder and a symptomatic contralateral rotator cuff tear, the asymptomatic tears enlarged in almost one-half of the patients over a median of three years. Those patients who experienced tear enlargement tended to have an onset of new pain and progressive degenerative changes within the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. The authors concluded that many formerly asymptomatic tears will progress to become symptomatic.
–Does tendon repair yield better outcomes than physical therapy (PT) when treating rotator cuff tears? A randomized trial of 103 patients with tears not exceeding 3 cm found that 12 of 51 patients (24%) in the PT group subsequently underwent secondary cuff repair over a 5-year follow-up period. Statistically, patients in the primary repair group had significantly better group-mean improvements on the Constant score, ASES score, and VAS for pain and patient satisfaction than those who underwent secondary repair, but the authors noted that these differences “may be below clinical importance.” Thirty-seven percent of those treated with PT only experienced a >5 mm increase in tear size, which was associated with inferior outcomes.
–Are estimates of Propionibacterium acnes colonization rates in surgical shoulder wounds accurate? A controlled diagnostic study examined P. acnes colonization in 117 open shoulder surgeries that utilized the deltopectoral approach. In 20.5% of the procedures, at least one surgical specimen was positive for P. acnes growth, but 13% of cultures from sterile-sponge control samples also had positive growth. This led the authors to surmise that prior estimates of P. acnes incidence may be higher than actual because of frequent culture contamination. Male sex and preoperative corticosteroid injections were associated with a higher likelihood of bacterial growth.
–Most people who undergo ACL reconstruction experience significant improvement in physical quality of life and quality-adjusted life years, but who is more or less likely to benefit? A 2- and 6-year longitudinal analysis of a multicenter cohort found that those who underwent revision, smoked cigarettes, had lateral tibial plateau chondromalacia, or had less education were more likely to score lower on the Physical Component Summary of the Short Form-36. Those who tended to have higher postoperative functional scores were those with higher baseline function, younger age, lower BMI, and either no lateral meniscal treatment or >50% lateral meniscectomy.
–Hamstring injuries are common among soccer players. A Level I randomized controlled trial among 579 high-level amateur soccer players found that 13 weeks of participation in Nordic hamstring exercises significantly reduced injury incidence and risk for injury compared with a control group over a 1-year period. No differences in injury severity were found.1
- van der Horst N, Smits DW, Petersen J, Goedhart EA, Backx FJG. The preventive effect of the Nordic hamstring exercise on hamstring injuries in amateur soccer players: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Sports Med. 2015 Jun;43(6):1316-23. Epub 2015 Mar 20.
The orthopaedic community has been aware of racial disparities in care delivery for two decades. The phenomenon has been most clearly elucidated in joint replacement surgery, but in the May 18, 2016 edition of The Journal, Dy et al. confirm that the issue is also at play in hip fracture care.
The authors analyzed the prospectively collected records of nearly 200,000 New York State residents who underwent hip fracture surgery between 1998 and 2010. After multivariable adjustment for factors such as patient characteristics and hospital/surgeon volume, Dy et al. found that black patients were at significantly greater risk for delayed surgery, a reoperation, readmission, and 1-year in-hospital mortality than white patients. The authors also found that patients covered by Medicaid (a marker for low socioeconomic status) were at increased risk for delayed hip-fracture surgery.
It is time for the orthopaedic community to develop an organized strategy to deal with this important social issue. Recruitment into the ranks of orthopaedists of underrepresented minorities, enhanced cultural-sensitivity training, and culturally relevant patient and family educational materials may begin to address the situation. Perhaps the AAOS, the AOA, and the J. Robert Gladden Orthopaedic Society could convene a meeting to develop such a strategic plan? I am confident we can begin to reduce racial and socioeconomic disparities if we put our collective minds to it.
Marc Swiontkowski, MD
Here we are in the heart of Little League season, with an estimated 2.5 million kids out there playing. However, the rate of arm injuries in the 10- to 13-year-old population of baseball players has increased in the last two decades, despite the implementation of pitching guidelines.
In the May 4, 2016 edition of The Journal, Pennock et al. report findings from a prospective study of 26 Little League players whose elbows were physically examined and evaluated with MRI before the start of the season. Here are some salient results:
- Nine players (35%) had 12 positive MRI findings, including seven instances of edema of the medial epicondyle apophysis.
- Surprisingly, the prevalence of positive MRI findings and a history of arm pain were not greater in pitchers and catchers when compared to other position players.
- Those with a positive MRI finding had greater reduction in shoulder internal rotation compared with the nondominant arm.
- Year-round play (i.e., playing ≥8 months per year) and working with a private coach were associated with positive MRI findings and a history of elbow pain.
Noting that 27% of the players in this study used a private coach, Pennock et al. concluded that “ultimately, a balance must be found between teaching proper throwing mechanics and excessive throwing.” The authors also suggest that guidelines be revisited to address year-round play.